Hallux limitus is the term podiatrists use to describe loss of motion in your big toe joint. Hallux rigidus is considered by many podiatrists to be the end stage of hallux limitus, or a state in which your ability to create motion in your big toe is lost or severely restricted.

Symptoms may include pain, grinding/grating, swelling, bone spuring, stiffness, rubbing on footwear and possible redness. The reduction in movement in the joint may also lead to pain or injury in other parts of foot and leg.

There are many causes of this problem. Some of these cause include your genetics, trauma, poor mechanics, overuse or arthritis.

Treatment usually involved reducing excessive movement of the joint whilst still maintaining the movement that is still there.

Treatment usually includes:

  • Rest/modifying activity
  • Ice/heat
  • Massage
  • Anti-inflammatories
  • Mobilisation of the joint
  • Stretching/strengthening
  • Suitable footwear
  • Footwear modifications or padding
  • Orthotics
  • Injections of cortisone, prolotherapy or acupuncture.
  • Severe cases may require surgery