Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is narrowing or blockage of arteries that causes poor blood flow to your arms and legs. When you walk or exercise, your leg muscles don't get enough blood and you can get painful cramps. PAD can lead to chronic pain, delayed healing, tissue death, gangrene, decreased temperature, poor nail growth and potentially amuputations.

Venous insufficiency is most often caused by either blood clots or varicose veins. In healthy veins, there is a continuous flow of blood from the limbs back toward the heart. Valves within the veins of the legs help prevent the back flow of blood. The most common causes of venous insufficiency are previous cases of blood clots and varicose veins. When forward flow through the veins is obstructed blood builds up below the clot, which can lead to venous insufficiency. This can lead to swelling of the legs, pain, cramps, heaviness, itchy legs, weak legs, thickening of skin, discoloration of skin,leg ulcers, varicose veins and tightness of legs.

At Podiatry and Moore we have the Smart Doppler for vascular and venous studies such as Doppler ultrasound, ankle brachial index (ABI), Toe brachial index (TBI), Photoplethysmography (PPG), pulse volume recording (PVR), Segmental pressure studies and venous reflex studies.

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